Dogs are an important part of the family. They are not only pets but human’s best companions, providing us with emotional support and very good company. In spite of your Dog’s ever sprightly demeanor, Dogs, like humans do get sick at times and diarrhea is one of those illnesses that can severely affect your Dog. In this article we will be discussing the causes of diarrhea in dogs and how you can effectively treat it with Tylosin.
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Why do Dogs get Diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a common health problem in Canines. What causes it though? It can have a variety of causes but it almost always stems from a bacterial infection. Dogs put almost everything in their mouths, including scraps of Garbage along the path of his daily walk. A lot of these objects of your dog’s attention can contain bacteria which can lead to an infection. Additionally, changing their eating habits or switching food with small or no transition period can lead to health problems such as diarrhea in dogs.
There are other reasons though that can cause your dog to get sick and these include stress and depression. Yes that’s right! Your canine companion can get stressed and depressed, just like we do at times. Common causes of this are moving to a new place or not liking their food etc. Stress and depression can sometimes trigger diarrhea in your dog.
What is Diarrhea in Dogs and how is it Manifested?
Diarrhea is the most common condition in pet animals due to their eating habits. It is often characterized by loose stools with a foul smell. There are other health conditions as well which indicate diarrhea in dogs, these include:
- Vomiting is commonly accompanied by loose stools.
- Dog refuses to eat anything due to loss of appetite
- An obvious decrease in dog’s weight
- Lethargy; a condition in which dogs become drowsy and weak
Please bear in mind that abdominal pain cannot be expressed by your dog, so it’s really up to you to read the symptoms he is trying to show you.
Types of Diarrhea in Dogs?
If you plan to change the diet of your dog, it is advisable do it through a period of transition rather than a sudden shift in diet. But still if your dog shows symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting, this may be caused due to many other reasons.
Let’s get into the types of Diarrhea found in dogs. Diarrhea in dogs can be classified into two categories based on the severity of the condition, these are:
- Acute diarrhea
- Chronic diarrhea
Acute diarrhea is not that serious and its usually not a major cause for concern. Dogs mostly have acute diarrhea that is not serious and they usually get well quite quickly when treated with parasite preventive medication. The causes of acute diarrhea include:
- Dietary changes
- Sudden change in diet
- Infections i.e. viral or bacterial
There are a lot of home remedies that can help you with the treatment of Acute Diarrhea in your sick dog. These include keeping him hydrated by providing clean water for drinking and giving him boiled white-meat or rice. If your dog has vomiting as well, it is better to not feed him for 6-8 hours to let his stomach get rid of the existing food in his bowels.
Chronic diarrhea is more serious and it can be a major cause for concern. Some common causes of chronic diarrhea are as follow:
- Dietary allergy or intolerance
- Parasitic attack
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Pancreatic diseases
- Bacterial infections
Please note that its not advisable to use home remedies to treat chronic diarrhea in dogs. If diarrhea persist for longer than twenty-four (24) hours, it is better to take a trip to Veterinarian. Chronic diarrhea is a worrying condition that needs immediate treatment.
How the Chronic Diarrhea can be Treated?
Failure to treat Chronic Diarrhea along with vomiting in dogs can lead to detrimental health conditions such as severe dehydration and a compromised immune system. This can lead to susceptibility to other viral or bacterial infections.
If the symptoms persist and there are no signs of recovery immediately consult the Veterinarian for further assistance.
Tylosin for Chronic Diarrhea in Dogs
Tylosin is a pretty effective drug that is widely used to treat Chronic diarrhea in dogs. It is a macrolide antibiotic that helps to treat the diarrhea caused by bacterial infections.
What is Tylosin? How can it treat Chronic Diarrhea in Dogs?
Because Tylosin is a macrolide antibiotic it means that the drug does not necessarily kills the bacteria, rather it works by weakening the reproduction capabilities of already existing bacteria thereby preventing the bacteria from wreaking too much havoc on your dog’s body. This allows the natural defense system of dog to go to work, allowing your dog’s immune system to regroup by buying it more time.
The efficacy of Tylosin in treating diarrhea in dogs is not necessarily based on the scientific evidence, rather it is based on the numerous comprehensive experimental studies that have been conducted.
Most Vets will prescribe Tylosin for severe ongoing problems in the digestive system of dogs. It is often prescribed when the illness stops responding to other treatments, medications or therapies.
What is Tylosin-Responsive Diarrhea?
Have you been told by your Vet that your Dog has Tylosin-responsive Diarrhea? As the term suggest its just diarrhea that responds positively to treatment using Tylosin. It is known by other terms as well but its not to be confused with Antibiotic-responsive Diarrhea which is where your dog responds positively to antibiotic therapy to treat diarrhea.
Is Tylosin effective in treating Chronic Diarrhea in Dogs?
As already mentioned, that efficacy of Tylosin is not based on the scientific evidence, rather it is based on the scientific experimentation and resulting anecdotal reports. The experiments which were carried out to confirm its efficacy in treating chronic diarrhea showed that by treating diarrhea with Tylosin, dogs in this study showed improvement very quickly, most in just a few days. Their stools appeared normal after treatment over a period of time. There were no observed side effects related to treatment with Tylosin in this study.
Tylosin is more effective as compared to other drugs like Trimethoprim in treating chronic diarrhea. Please bear in mind though that it was observed that the long-term use of Tylosin resulted in increased resistance of bacteria towards the drug. Because of this observation it is often recommended that the use of Tylosin for the treatment of Chronic Diarrhea is not overused.
It is generally recommended that your Dog’s Tylosin dose does not exceed 25 mg/kg. The Tylosin drug can be administered in a variety of dosages and formats including:
- Tylosin powder mixed with the liquid or food
- Tylosin liquid to be administered orally
- Tylosin injection
The drug cannot be prescribed by the owner himself, rather the Vet prescribes the drug and its dosage which depends on many factors including age, weight and general health of the dog.
The Effects of Tylosin on the Illness of Dog
Tylosin is a remarkably effective drug in treating chronic diarrhea of dogs. Marked improvement is often observed after prescribed use. Continued use usually results in improvement in the health condition of dog.
The dogs recover quickly after 1-2 hours of using the drugs but this recovery is minor. The noticeable effects of the drug use are seen after few days followed by complete recovery.
What are the side effects of Tylosin in Dogs?
Long term us of Tylosin is dogs can lead to bacterial resistance. Additionally, even though Vets often prescribe this drug for the treatment of chronic diarrhea treatment, on rare occasions Tylosin can cause Chronic Diarrhea to worsen. If you notice this happening with your Dog do not hesitate to contact your Vet.
How to minimize the negative effects of Tylosin?
The most effective way of minimizing the adverse effects of Tylosin is to stick to the recommended dosage prescribed by your Dog’s Vet.
How to prevent Diarrhea in your Dog?
If you take very good care of your dog and carefully follow the below mentioned instructions, you can easily decrease the likelihood of your dog from developing diarrhea at first place.
- If you plan to change his diet, do not do it suddenly, rather allow for a period of transition before changing his diet.
- Be mindful of your dog’s toys, do not let him play with toys that can be swallowed by him easily.
- Do not allow your dog to feed on table scraps or eat contaminated food. Keep your dog current with the vaccinations and de-worming.
Treating diarrhea in dogs can be really exhausting for you as well as for your dog as he is the one who is suffering the most. So we will conclude by reiterating some of the points made earlier. It will be useful to keep the following tips in mind when dealing with Diarrhea in Dogs. Always go with the advice and precautions given by your vet once your dog has been diagnosed with chronic diarrhea.
Additionally, be patient during treatment and work closely with the vet until your dog shows signs of improvement. Finally, please do not try to treat Chronic diarrhea by merely using home remedies, it always best to seek the advice of your Vet.